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Waste tire recycling to oil plant

Waste tire recycling to oil plant

2019-07-12

The economically developed countries attach great importance to the recycling of waste tires, giving full support to various measures such as legislation, establishment of expert bodies, financial subsidies, and tax exemptions.
In Quebec, Canada, the Waste Tire Recycling Management Committee was established as early as 1992, and legislation was passed to collect a processing fee of CAD 4 per new tire from the factory for sale to the fund`s subordinate fund management organization. Recycling of used tires. In 1994, the United States legislated that asphalt highways built with state subsidies must contain 5% of plastic powder. Since 2002, the garbage recycling treatment policy has been implemented, and all domestic and industrial waste including waste rubber must be recycled. In Finland, the recycling rate of used tires has reached more than 90%. In addition to strict laws, the Finnish government is supplemented by technology development and market development. At present, Finland has cultivated a series of new industries in the field of recycling of used tires. It has created nearly US$1.2 billion in wealth annually and provided 5,000 jobs for the community.
In addition, developed countries also provide financial subsidies and preferential treatment for the recycling of used tires. First, the use of scrap tires is free of charge and is usually provided directly on-site by a fixed waste tyre purchaser (equivalent to a domestic waste collection station). Second, disposing of used tires not only does not cost money, but also gives subsidies. For example, if the government subsidizes US$2.5 to US$4 for each spent tire, the Canadian government gives a subsidy of 2 Canadian dollars. Third, companies that dispose of used tires enjoy a zero tax system. In this way, the company gains profit from normal operations and has sustained development.
Compared with developed countries, the support of our government is obviously insufficient. Specific performance in the following areas:
1. There is no legislation. China has so far had no specific legislation on the recycling of used tires. [Whoever pollutes and controls" has no specific implementation method for the recycling of used tires. In 2001, 8 committees, ministries, and bureaus of the State Economic and Trade Commission jointly issued the "Opinions on Accelerating the Development of the Environmental Protection Industry," although it was explicitly mentioned that "In the aspect of fiscal and taxation policies, we should further improve preferential policies for tax reduction and exemption of comprehensive utilization of resources, such as Comprehensive use of preferential policies for product VAT deductions, such as preferential policies for comprehensive use of product VAT exemptions, such as comprehensive use of product discounts and VAT discounts, etc., but it has not yet been implemented, there is no specific, operational implementation Program.
2. There is a "vacuum" in management. Under the planned economic system, the recycling of old and used materials in China is managed by the Department of Waste Materials Recycling of the former Ministry of Commerce. The retreading of tires is managed by the Department of Raw Materials, and the production of reclaimed rubber is managed by the former Ministry of Chemical Industry. This segmentation in the industry divides the original complete scrap tire into several pieces. With the reform of state institutions, the former Ministry of Commerce, Department of Materials, and Ministry of Chemical Industry have been cancelled, resulting in recycling, refurbishment of the waste tire industry, and reclaimed rubber and rubber powder companies that use waste tires as their raw materials. Production and operation status. Which department will supervise the recycling of used tires? From the perspective of solid waste disposal, this is regulated by the environmental protection authority; if it is from the perspective of comprehensive utilization of used tire resources, it is regulated by the State Economic and Trade Commission. In fact, in the industrial chain of waste tire recycling, it involves many fields such as chemical industry, building materials, transportation, and machinery, and needs to coordinate and make overall arrangements.
3, not only no subsidies but overtaxed. In China, the recycling of used tires is not only subsidized, but also to spend money to buy. At present, the purchase price of 1 tonne of waste biased tires is between 500 yuan and 600 yuan; the purchase price for one tonne of crown rubber strips is as high as 850 yuan to 900 yuan; that of radial tires for steel wire is 150 yuan to 200 yuan per tonne of the purchase price. . Regarding the taxation of waste tire recycling and recycling enterprises, although a policy has been implemented since May 1 last year, that such enterprises can offset the input tax by 10%, the majority of China's current waste tire acquisition business is self-employed. , VAT invoices cannot often be issued, resulting in waste tire recycling companies generally do not enjoy this preferential treatment. The price of 1 ton of 80-mesh fine-powdered fines is approximately RMB 2,600, which accounts for nearly half of the costs. In addition to other cost expenses, companies are almost unprofitable.
According to the survey, the prospects of China's waste tire recycling industry are very bright. The industry can not only solve the problem of environmental pollution, but also can make up for the shortage of rubber resources in China, and its rich and diverse products have huge market potential. And profit space. However, China's waste tire recycling industry is also faced with many hurdles that need to be overcome, such as the development of applied product markets, government policies and taxation support, especially the latter, if the Chinese government can not take measures from the policy, give If the waste tire recycling industry creates a good external environment, the prospect of recycling waste tires in China will be very bleak.
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